Apprenticeships, traineeships and pre-apprenticeships

​​​Apprentice baker.Apprenticeship delivery is integral to Western Australia's capacity to skill its current and future workforce and combine work with structured training.

Apprenticeships tend to be in traditional technical trades, such as the automotive, building and construction, electrical and metals trade areas whereas traineeships exist in non trade related areas such as business, hospitality, process manufacturing and health.

With the introduction of amendments to VET Act (effective 10 June 2009), greater flexibility in naming conventions has seen the introduction of Cadetships and Internships in to the apprenticeship arena.

Apprenticeship Office

The Department of Training and Workforce Development's Apprenticeship Office (formerly ApprentiCentre) is the State's administrative and regulatory agency for apprenticeships and traineeships, with responsibility for the administration and regulation of the apprenticeship system as prescribed in Part 7 of the Vocational Education and Training Act 1996 (the VET Act) and associated Regulations.

The Apprenticeship Office also has a compliance role that includes audits on training plans, assessments on employers' suitability to train their apprentice(s), and ensuring that regulatory requirements are maintained across the apprenticeship/traineeship system. The Apprenticeship Office also facilitates a dispute resolution service for employers and apprentices/trainees where disagreement may arise under the training contract.

From 1 July 2015, the Commonwealth-funded 'Australian Apprenticeship Support Network' (AASN) providers will deliver a new generation of services, focusing more strongly on provision of advice and mentoring support to both the apprentice and the employer, throughout the course of an apprenticeship. A list of AASN providers is available hereOpens in new window.. More information about the role of AASN providers within the apprenticeship system is available on the Apprenticeship Office’s website.

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T: 13 19 54

Pre-apprenticeship programs

Heavy machinery mechanicThe aim of a pre-apprenticeship is to provide learners with industry specific training to gain skills, knowledge and behaviours to enable transition into an indentured apprenticeship

Pre-apprenticeship business rules

The following business rules apply to all pre-apprenticeship programs including pre-apprenticeships in schools. The rules set out how pre-apprenticeship programs must be structured.

Pre-apprenticeships in schools

Pre-apprenticeships in Schools are Certificate II programs that have been nominated by Western Australian industry training councils as valid pathways from school to related apprenticeships.

Students attend school, train at a registered training organisation and are linked to an employer for work placement. The student must complete a work placement as nominated in the pre-apprenticeship program. The registered training organisations will coordinate work placements in partnership with the schools.

For more information about pre-apprenticeships in schools, visit the VET in Schools section.

Aboriginal school based training

Aboriginal school based training helps young indigenous Australians start an apprenticeship while still in school.

As an apprentice/trainee, students are employed by a group training organisation, which places them with a host employer. Time is spent in the workplace with the host employer and time training with the training provider.

For more information, visit Aboriginal school based training.

Establishment and variation of apprenticeships (including traineeships, cadetships and internships)

The Vocational Education and Training Act 1996 (VET Act)Opens in new window. allows the Minister for Training and Workforce Development to establish or vary apprenticeships or traineeships based on the advice from the State Training Board.

The Board, via its Establishment and Variation of Apprenticeships Committee (EVAC) make recommendations following consultation with industry Training Councils, including employer groups and unions.

The EVAC makes recommendations to the Minister on whether the VET qualification will be available exclusively under a training contract or not, and also whether other conditions and requirements should apply, such as part-time or full-time arrangements, school-based training arrangements, and length of nominal duration.​

In determining whether a qualification will be available under a training contract or not, qualifications will be placed into the following three classes:

  • Class A qualifications must only be delivered when an employer and apprentice/trainee have entered into a training contract.
  • Class B qualifications may be delivered when an employer and apprentice/trainee have entered into a training contract AND may be delivered through an institutional pathway where no training contract is required.
  • Class C qualifications cannot be delivered under a training contract, i.e. all qualifications not classified as A or B.

The process for the establishment or variation of apprenticeships and traineeships is described in the State Training Board's Guidelines for the Establishment and Variation of Apprenticeships (PDF, 759 KB)

For more information, please visit the State Training Board WebsiteOpens in new window..

Further links